Untitled [Striped center], 1964. Pencil and crayon on paper. 30 x 21 in.
Untitled [Pencil writes “less work for mother”/telephone cord spells “hello”/ man on orange blob], 1963. Pencil, crayon, spray paint and marker on paper. 30 x 22 in. Collection Nancy Holt Estate
Untitled [Pink linoleum center], 1964. Collage and color pencil on paper. 30 x 22 in.
Untitled [Venus with lightning bolts], 1964. Pencil and crayon with collage on paper. 30 x 22 in.
Untitled [Man in colonial American dress and Indian], 1963. Mixed media with collage on paper. 30 x 22 in.
Untitled [Record player], 1962. Record player with found objects and collage. 5 1/4 x 9 1/2 x 13 1/2 in. (closed), 14 1/2 x 9 1/2 x 14 1/2 in. (open)
November 20, 2015 - JAN 17, 2016, 2016
Opening Reception: November 20, 6-8 PM
A Conversation with Eugenie Tsai, Jens Hoffmann, and Andrianna Campbell: January 10, 1 PM
James Cohan is pleased to present Pop, an exhibition of the late Robert Smithson’s works on paper and select sculpture from 1962-64, on view from November 21 through January 10, 2016. This exhibition marks the debut of James Cohan’s second NYC gallery space located on the Lower East Side.
In 1963, at the age of twenty-five, Robert Smithson was immersed in the vitality and experimentation of the burgeoning downtown New York art scene. Smithson fed on the clashes of style, form and meaning found along his rambles through the city; from the downtown kiosks hawking porno magazines and comic books, to the movie houses of Forty-Second Street with their “low budget mysticism of horror films,” to the mineral displays at the Museum of Natural History, and across town to the Met’s Byzantine paintings and the “cold glass boxes” along Park Avenue. From this absorption of the city, Smithson developed his complex theory of entropy and the symbolic language he used to explore it. Art critic Carter Radcliff explained that for Smithson “meaning emerged from the disintegration of meaning,” and “in 1962, that argument flowed from the restless ironies of his hand.”
Smithson’s prolific drawings from this period, including those about language and Christian iconography, sought out disorder from the hierarchies of social conventions and popular culture. The series of drawings on view at the gallery are composed like biblical panel paintings with collaged or drawn elements in the center of the page surrounded by free-floating figures in nested zigzag motifs. The erotic imagery includes male and female nudes depicted as American icons sporting baseball caps and scuba masks, lifting weights, and riding horses, while others are pin-ups and action figures recast from legend with wings and thunder bolts. The works in Pop highlight Smithson’s search for what curator Eugenie Tsai referred to as “comparative mythologies,” or modern-day equivalents to the archetypal models established throughout the history of human culture.
Today, fifty years later, the works continue to resonate for their timeless dualities—the popular and the rarefied, the modern and the classic, the sacred and the profane, while they give us insight into the imagination of an artist who was to become one the defining figures of the 20th century.
Robert Smithson (b. 1938, Passaic, New Jersey, d. 1973, Amarillo, Texas), was an American artist, internationally renowned for pioneering the earthworks movement of the late 1960s and early 1970s. Smithson is most well-known for taking artwork out of the confines of the white cube, with his iconic earthwork, Spiral Jetty (1970), as well as other land art works such as Broken Circle/Spiral Hill (1971), and Amarillo Ramp (1973). Smithson studied painting and illustration at the Art Students League of New York as a young man, and by 1963 had five solo gallery exhibitions.
From 1966 until his death in 1973, Smithson showed at Dwan Gallery in New York, Konrad Fischer in Dusseldorf, and Ace Gallery in Los Angeles. Smithson’s work has been the subject of numerous monographic exhibitions, including Robert Smithson Sculpture, curated by Robert Hobbs at Cornell University, the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY, and the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MI (1980); Robert Smithson Unearthed: Works on Paper, 1957 – 73, curated by Eugenie Tsai at the Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Art Gallery, Columbia University, New York, NY (1991); and Robert Smithson, curated by Eugenie Tsai with Connie Butler at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA, the Dallas Museum of Art, TX, and the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY. Smithson has been included in numerous group exhibitions, including Ends of the Earth: Land Art to 1974 at The Geffen Contemporary at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA (2012); Ghosts in the Machine, curated by Massimiliano Gioni at the New Museum of Contemporary Art, New York, NY (2012); America is Hard to See at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY curated by Donna De Salvo, et al (2015), and All the World’s Futures, curated by Okwui Enwezor, the 56th International Art Exhibition, Venice Biennale (2015).
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